The postmodernity , also called postmodernity , is a very broad concept that refers to a trend of culture , he art and the philosophy that emerged at the end of twentieth century . In general, it can be said that the postmodern is associated with the cult of individuality , the absence of interest in common welfare and the rejection of rationalism, although the idea has many edges.
The postmodern movement, broadly speaking, argues that modernity failed to try to renew the forms of thought and expression. That is why postmodern thought is associated with disenchantment and the apathy , since part of what you understand as a failure of the society .
Unlike previous generations, who believed in utopias and in social development, postmodern thinkers argue that the possibility of progress is only individual. Ideals, in postmodernity, are replaced by the consumption , while the great leaders give their place to figures who enjoy a short reputation.
Another characteristic of the postmodern world is that it privileges forms over content. In other words: it matters more how a message and what effects causes the message itself.
In postmodernity, on the other hand, the importance of the past and even the future is also minimized, so that only relevance is given to the I presented (which, on the other hand, is ephemeral).
With respect to religion and the spiritual, they lose importance in the face of the valorization of body as an instrument of freedom and source of pleasure.
Postmodern thinking is characterized by being antidualist , since its followers oppose the result of the dualisms created by Western philosophy, which collaborated with a less openness of thought. In addition, postmodernism is in favor of diversity and pluralism, and seeks to meet the needs of those individuals or groups that have suffered oppression and marginality because of the ideologies of modernism and structures social and political support.
Another feature of postmodernism is the questioning of texts (both literary and historical, among other kinds of written sources), an attitude that justifies with its alleged lack of objectivity or authority to accurately communicate the events that actually took place. . In other words, postmodern thinking denounces these books of misrepresenting the truth in order to reflect personal ideas and ideas. prejudices of its authors.
For postmodern weighers, language is the key to the true : since language fulfills the important function of shaping the thinking of human beings, it is not possible to conceive of the existence of the latter without the former. Continuing with the concept of truth, postmodernists consider it contextual or variable according to the point of view, rather than a universal and unquestionable thing. People cannot access reality, but the perception we have of it.
From a historicosocial point of view, postmodernity is characterized by:
* ensure that modern sciences are limited with respect to their ability to generate knowledge universally valid;
* the economy of production gave rise to that of consumption;
* revalue nature and promote environmental care;
* the power acquired by the consumer industry and the mass media;
* the importance that the image of the leaders gained over their ideologies.
From a sociopsychological perspective, however, it can be said that postmodernity:
* look for the immediate;
* it contradicts itself in the search of individuality, since it is carried out following social fashions;
* defends personal liberation;
* Justify the events with mysticism.