The term comic , which derives from the English word comic , refers to the succession or series of bullets that allows to narrate a history . The concept also refers to the magazine or the book formed by comics.
Comic is usually used as a synonym for cartoon . The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), however, specifically defines the comic as the series of drawings that, with or without text, make up a story . A cartoon can be from a strip to a book with many pages.
It can be said that a comic presents a succession of drawings organized in a way that allows it to transmit the necessary data for the receiver to record the development of the story. The reader, by advancing in the comic strip cartoons, is acquiring new knowledge of the narration .
A comic can be developed in a press strip, on a page in a newspaper or magazine or in a publication exclusively dedicated to it (like a book). It can also be presented in a website .
There are various comic genres. One of the most popular is the comic action or of adventure which has as protagonists superheroes. The Men X , Batman , Superman , he Spiderman and the Captain America They are some of the most famous comics characters. The best known publishers worldwide of this type of comics are American: Marvel Comics and DC Comics .
Comic book lovers usually meet at various meetings and events . Among them stands out the International Comics Convention from San Diego (U.S ), known as Comic-Con .
Origins of the comic
Yes the Format The comic is quite popular worldwide, far from occupying a position comparable to film, television or music. In any case, we could say that regular comic readers have a profile more similar to that of literature lovers, and this explains why the volume of money associated with this market is not colossal.
This duality, as it were called, of the comic brings a kind of misinformation about many of its aspects. For example, not many people questioned at random would know when the first comic was published, and would probably point to the sixties or seventies; however, before it emerged Spiderman, created by Stan lee , considered by many the "father of the comic", Superman he had been in the market for almost three decades, and the Kryptonian he had not been the first to spread his stories on the pages of journals and newspapers.
To find the first comic publications it is necessary to know the limits of the concept, and in this case it is not easy: although the tendency of the majority points to that must have a certain extension to distinguish itself from graphic humor (typical of newspapers and magazines of general interest), the definition is not rigid. Perhaps the fundamental element of the comic is the story; unlike the comic strips, the scenarios, the facts and the characters are presented with a work similar to that of a novel .
Already in the Egyptian hieroglyphs and the Greek vases we can appreciate drawings that seem to be telling a story similar to the current comic, with a sequential structure that probably influenced the artists of several centuries. But the cartoon as we know it today may have emerged in Japan around the 17th century to capture legends and stories with the help of drawings. Two centuries later, the English began to publish an early version of the comic in newspapers and magazines, although they were images with legends, instead of scenes described and with dialogues.
It was just Rodolphe Töpffer , a Swiss cartoonist, who during the first half of the 19th century created the balloon or speech bubble and refined the art from the comic to give it a very similar form to the current one.