The efforts that are done in order to meet objectives and realize various purposes are framed within a planning . This process requires respect a series of steps which are fixed at first, for which those who prepare a planning use different tools and expressions.
Planning involves working on the same line from the beginning of a project, since multiple actions are required when organizing each of the projects. Their first step, experts say, is to draw up the plan that will then be finalized.
In other words, planning is a method that allows executing plans directly, which will be carried out and monitored according to the planning .
In a organization , the executives they are the ones who have to carry out the plans that will be governed by the planning. The operation and execution of the plans may have been carried out by a single person or another individual, who will necessarily have to know and understand the level of planning that has been wanted or could be carried out.
The subject who develops the plans may also be the decision maker, although a organizational structure from where the rules and the policies of the organization. That is where the functions, roles and scopes of the members are defined.
It should be noted that, although there are organizations that resort to formal and systematic planning, planning can also be empirically established in everyday life. like the administration , planning is part of most people's activities, Business and organizations of all kinds.
Inside of business Administration Many scholars have tried to define the concept of planning, here we present some of these positions:
Stoner and Goodstein they agree that the planning consists of the process of setting goals and choose the best way to achieve them, and once everything is clear the action can be taken. Ortiz says it serves to know exactly what things will an organization do To achieve your goals as a company. For its part, Ackoff ensures that it serves to anticipate actions that it is necessary to perform and the way in which it will be done, in order to get the company to obtain the expected results in the established time. By last, Terry says that it is a process in which select the information and assumptions are made regarding the future, in order to establish the objectives of the organization and the ways in which these goals will be sought.
There are several types of planning but all of them respond to the same clause, forms, methods and actions that are devised in order to reach certain goals in an orderly and efficient way.
In appearance politician the schedules serve to establish methods of fighting around a problem , ways in which it will try to solve certain problem, in what time it will be done and what things are expected at the end of the established time.
In a company the planning serves to get information and apply it around the resources that are available in order to reach the goals, also agreed upon when planning the action, and then perform the procedures that have been chosen always looking towards the end, trying to control the process in order to always walk towards established priorities based on the strengths of the organization.
Some things can jeopardize planning, such as unexpected facts that come from entities outside the organization, the resistance of change adaptation by employees or customers, lack of information that can make the plan bite or implement the plan inappropriate ways .
The social planning It is a process that serves to organize certain ideas in order to resolve a particular social conflict. It is a plan that will be taken into action to improve a certain aspect of society. It consists in the use of new planning methods that are based on geographic and demographic indicators and whose main objective is to use these new theories to modify a specific aspect of an element of the social system.
Social planning has three fundamental elements: Super-structure (the set of ideas and values), Social structure (forms of relationships, social practices, types of government, community actions, etc.) and Material infrastructure (geography, technology , economy and demography of said society). Analyzing these three elements in depth, it is possible to establish a social planning that gives a positive result and improves the quality of life of those who are part of that society.
What is family planning?
The Family planning It is the planning established by a couple to responsibly determine the number of children they may have based on their resources. They should consider the needs that each child would have and to what extent they will be able to meet them and also what is their family project.
There are many ways established by social organizations to help parents to make a proper family planning, but unfortunately, this term is rarely taken to action since couples generally decide to have a child based on their wishes and not their possibilities, which turns out to be extremely harmful for societies as more and more children are born with fewer opportunities, more unmet needs and less happy.
Family planning programs offer couples a activities list through which they can receive information, advice, education and contraception, so that they take very seriously the fact of being parents and make a proper planning.
Nowadays, when talking about family planning, you can also refer to the natality control , that is, the ways in which countries organize their populations, taking into account the local resources and needs that can be covered in a secure way.
Among the advantages of birth control is to encourage women to give birth in their best years , reduce the number of abortions with contraceptive methods that prevent unwanted pregnancies, reduce risks to venereal diseases , like AIDS, also thanks to these methods, decrease the number of inhabitants based on resources that they have, meaning a lower expense for the environment. Finally, those countries where birth control is seriously planned are less likely to suffer from overpopulation and have a more even economy. In addition, they are more likely to reach a positive level of development, by having a lower expenditure of its natural resources .