The term adjective derives from a Latin word and it is a kind of word that qualifies or determines the noun . The adjectives express properties attributed to nouns , specifying or highlighting them. For example: "I don't find any adjective to rate how you behaved", “The press did not save adjectives to highlight the good performance of the Catalan team”, “I have been told many adjectives, but never pretty”.
The adjective can refer to a specific characteristic of the noun. The expression “The pants are blue” includes an adjective ("blue") that expresses a visible property (the colour ) of the noun ("pants"). Instead, a phrase like “It's an easy match” presents an adjective ("easy") which is abstract, since ease cannot be grasped by the senses but is a subjective issue that arises from a thought.
Classification of adjectives
According to traditional grammar we could establish three types: qualifying, demonstrative and other adjectives (This last group includes all those that are not within the other two groups); However, the most precise is the classification developed by the official grammar of the Spanish language, which has a fairly extensive and detailed list of the different types of adjectives.
* Restrictive adjectives : within this group are those qualities that accompany the nouns and restrict their characteristics in an exact way. For example if we talk about "the white car" we are leaving out all those vehicles that are not that color.
* Non-restrictive adjectives : these adjectives serve to give more information about the noun but without limiting it; usually they are placed in front of him and modify it in a variable way. For example, if we say "he is an excellent friend", we use the adjective as a modifier without restricting the group of individuals that can enter that group.
* Gradual adjectives : It is a fairly large group of which the adverbs of degree and other classifiers are part. For example, if we say "this magazine is uninteresting" we are assessing the degree of interest that this publication arouses.
* Non-gradual adjectives : It is also a large group formed mostly by comparative adjectives, such as: tan, less or equal. The degree of quantification of the adjective is not determined but a comparison is established. For example, when we say "Pedro is smarter than Juan" we are making use of the comparison without explaining how clever each individual is.
* Extreme grade adjectives : have a similar function to the gradual ones; that is, they express quantification, but they are absolute. In this group are those adjectives formed by the suffixes -errimo or -ísimo and by the prefixes re-, super-, mega- or hyper-.
Intersecting adjectives: those that can give rise to an expression in which two types of characteristics meet, hence its name. For example, if we say "dwarf teacher" we are expressing that a person is a teacher and, at the same time, that he measures little.
* Non-intersective adjectives : unlike the previous ones, these adjectives do not link two words but rather are independent characteristics. For example, if we say "He is an outstanding musician". We are not informing about the profession of the person but, we are talking about someone who stands out as music.
In any case, we must clarify that the most outstanding groups of adjectives are the qualifiers and the demonstratives.
* Adjectives : are those that point to a quality of the noun: "The house is large", “This table is very old”, “The painting of the room is orange”, "She is beautiful", "The glass is fragile".
* Demonstrative adjectives : accompany the noun and serve to express the proximity that exists between sender and receiver, depending on the noun mentioned: "I am looking at this ornament", "What size is that dress?"