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He pancreas is a lobed or compact gland of the beings vertebrates that are located next to small intestine . Its excretory ducts lead to the duodenum .

The pancreas fulfills a function endocrine , which is the production of various hormones such as insulin , which prevents a certain limit on the amount of glucose in the blood, and a function exocrine , which is the elaboration of pancreatic juice with enzymes that pour into the intestine and that aids digestion.

Usually, the pancreas weighs about 70 grams and has a length between 15 and 20 centimeters. His form is conical and its thickness can reach 2.5 centimeters.

It is possible to divide the pancreas into several parts, such as the head, neck, body, tail, the conduit pancreatic or from Wirsung and the accessory pancreatic duct or from Santorini .

Pancreatic pain is usually caused by calculi of the bile duct , which is the conduit that joins the liver and the gallbladder with the duodenum. This point, called from Chauffard and Rivet , one centimeter is located above and to the right of the navel. However, pain can affect an approximate radius of 2 to 5 centimeters around the point.

Pancreatitis

When the pancreas becomes inflamed, there is talk of a disorder called pancreatitis, which occurs if the enzymes responsible for digesting food are activated in the same pancreas, since they should do so inside the small intestine. There are two types of pancreatitis:

* acute: it is usually caused mainly by gallstones and alcoholism, but it is also common for the constant and excessive consumption of fat. Among its symptoms it stands out severe pain in the abdomen and you may reach your back along the sides. 80% of patients with acute pancreatitis, which appears suddenly, recover absolutely in a few days, while for the rest the consequences of its progress can reach the death, going through complications such as respiratory or renal failures, a too low level of blood pressure, accumulations of fluid inside the abdomen known as pseudocysts, or even partial death of the gland itself, with the subsequent infection. With regard to treatments for this variety of pancreatitis, analgesic medications are usually indicated, suppress all intake for a while and injections, among other measures;

* chronic: It is characterized by fibrosis of the pancreas (the training unusual for fibrous tissue) and also for possible excessive accumulations of calcium, which can be seen through radiographs. It suffers from recurrent and very strong pains, or constant discomfort, and can lead to diabetes because less insulin is produced than normal, and higher fat removal due to the inability to digest them .

Pancreatitis is a disease Very serious and it is important to know its causes and symptoms to seek the help of a specialist as soon as they occur. Some of the signs that this disorder gives are a pain in the upper abdomen that, as previously mentioned, can vary both in intensity and constancy and that can surround the trunk and reach the back, vomiting (especially after meals), increased heart and respiratory rate, and high body temperatures. It is also possible that the skin and eyes become yellowish, and that the blood pressure is modified (which rises due to pain, or that it decreases due to internal hemorrhages or fluid loss). Given so many possibilities and variations, the tests performed are different in each case.

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