It is necessary, before elaborating on the definition of the concept, to explain that the Supreme Power of a democratic country is composed of three powers: the Executive, the Legislative and the Judicial. They have a similar quality of importance and must work together to maintain the order of the Nation.
The Deputies are those citizens chosen by the people, to represent them in front of the government. Each province has its own, who represent their region in the Chamber of Deputies and collaborate in the repeal of laws that aim to ensure the health and safety of the citizens they represent.
That is to say that a deputy is an individual who is appointed through the choice that the people do to make it their representative in a legislative chamber .
The deputy, therefore, integrates the Chamber of Deputies , the legislative Assembly , the National Assembly , the House of Representatives or the Parliament , according to the constitutional regime and the denomination of each country . In the state which have two legislative chambers (that is, they are two-chamber), the deputies are part of the low camera , staying for senators the so-called high camera .
The figure of the deputy is very important in democratic regimes. These are the representatives of the community, elected by the secret and free suffrage of the people. Upon being elected and arriving at the corresponding chamber, the deputy is expected to defend the interests of the people who voted for him.
The number of deputies and the method of conformation of the camera They depend on each legislation. In Argentina for example there are provincial deputies and national deputies . National deputies are chosen according to a proportional method in twenty-four districts (23 provinces plus the Federal capital ). The term of the national deputy lasts four years, while the chamber is renewed by halves every couple of years.
Chile has a Chamber of Deputies of 120 members, chosen according to the different electoral districts. In Spain , deputies and senators make up the General cuts that develop the Legislative power .
It should be noted that the European Union has a International Chamber of Deputies , which is composed of deputies representing all the countries in the block.
Differences between deputies and senators
In order for a law to be constituted, it is necessary for the constitution to participate so much in Chamber of Deputies such as SenatorsHowever, the work and obligations of each are different.
Every legislative text is initiated by the Deputies, there if it is signed by the majority of those present, it passes to the Senate chamber, who will be the ones who have the last word; although this may vary according to the justice system of each Nation.
Thus, once the Congress of Deputies has approved a law, the Senate meets to deliberate on it to finally decide whether it is promulgated or not. In addition, Senators may oppose their veto or even amend certain parts of the text, such modifications must be approved by an absolute majority.
When choosing both Deputies and Senators, it should be taken into account that no party can have more than 60% of the House because in this way there would be a absolute majority and then, decisions could not be made equitably.
Among the most important functions of the Chamber of Deputies are the presentation of the declaration of President Elect, the approval of the Expenditure Budget of the Federation, which is sent by the Federal Executive and review the Public Account of each year to check if It fits the budget you have.
For their part, the Senators have a number of different powers, among which are the analysis of the foreign policy that has been implemented by the President of the Republic, approve those international treaties and other diplomatic conventions that the Executive has undertaken, analyze and repeal those laws that have been previously approved by the Deputies and resolve the political mismatches that may have arisen between the various powers of the State.
For their part, the citizens they must be aware of the responsibilities that each of the chambers must fulfill in order to know how to properly choose each of their representatives and, once elected, they can know what to expect and demand from each one.