The thermal waters are waters with a high amount of minerals that sprout from the ground naturally and at a temperature that exceeds 5 ° C The temperature recorded on the surface. These waters have their origin in the underground strata of the planet and are therefore warm, something that differentiates them from the water of the sea or the rivers.
Many times the hot springs are located in the area of geological faults : for these failures penetrate the groundwater which, when reaching greater depth, get hot. Then they return to already warmer surface areas or even by way of steam .
According to the minerals they include, hot springs can be classified differently. In this sense we can talk about sulphurous waters (with high sulfur index), chlorinated waters (which include chlorine) and ferruginous waters (they have iron), among others. As for his temperature , there are super thermal waters (which are over 100 ° C), hyperthermal waters (between 45 ° C and 100 ° C), mesothermal waters (from 35 ° C to 45 ° C), hypothermal waters (between 20 ° C and 35 ° C) and others.
The mineralization of water and its temperature make hot springs considered therapeutic . Many specialists say that bathing in hot springs helps minimize various ailments and allows combating stress . That is why it is common for resorts to be built around hot springs, with hotels, restaurants, etc.
Argentina , Colombia , Ecuador , Spain , U.S , Mexico and Uruguay are some of the countries They have hot spring complexes.
Benefits of hot springs
As mentioned above, hot springs are famous for the benefits they can grant us in caring for our Health , both to prevent different disorders and to treat others. However, despite the many advantages that bathing in them may have, it is important to know that excess or inappropriate practices can have negative consequences, such as being lowered in tension and dizziness.
Regarding the ways in which hot springs are used to take advantage of its healing properties , the bathrooms are the most normal, although they are also used to heat environments, they can be inhaled and irrigated. It is important to mention that the healing of diseases with the help of these waters it is not something of our time: since 2000 a. C. there is evidence of its use by ancient civilizations for this and other purposes, such as fostering social relations.
The effects that thermal waters cause in the body of the human being can be divided into three groups, although all take place simultaneously: biological, chemical and physical . Bathing in them increases body temperature, eliminates viruses and germs, increases hydrostatic pressure, oxygenation and circulation of blood, which promotes the dissolution and elimination of toxins.
Increasing oxygenation also causes the tissues to feed more efficiently, collaborates with the metabolism and stimulates the secretions of the liver and stomach, with the consequent improvement of the digestive process .
Repeating the baths in hot springs over several weeks may result in the normalization of endocrine functions and the overall performance of the nervous system . On the other hand, it is known that the immune system also perceives benefits, such as increased production of endorphins, regularization of glandular functions and ideal mental relaxation to face the difficulties of adult life.
With the help of periodic baths in hot springs, especially in those that contain sulfur, it is possible to combat certain skin diseases, among which are fungi, dermatitis and psoriasis . The healing of wounds and other skin lesions is also enhanced thanks to these treatments .