From Latin delinquent, the delinquency is the offender quality wave crime action . The offender is the one who commits a crime; that is, who commits crime (a breakdown of the law ).
Crime, therefore, is linked to people what violate the laws and at set of crimes . For example: "In this neighborhood you can not go outside: crime dominates every corner", "The government promised new measures to fight crime", "The crime of the ruling class is the main scourge of this country", "If we do not face crime, we have no future", “Social inequality is linked to the growth of crime”.
By implicating unlawful behaviors (contrary to right ), the crime corresponds to a punishment as stipulated by law. This penalty will depend on the type of crime committed.
Used to name the group of criminals, the concept of crime is associated with a group of people outside the system and that must be reinserted in the society . The penalties that are purged in prison are aimed at the task of resocializing criminals so that they can become part of society again as productive and non-harmful elements.
It is important to establish that there are various types of crime. Thus, for example, we find the so-called juvenile delinquency which, as its name implies, is that which is carried out by minors. Alcohol or drug abuse, living in a complicated environment, being part of violent gangs or suffering from some mental disorders are some of the main causes that lead young people to commit crimes.
Juvenile courts are the judicial bodies responsible for carrying out the resolution of the crimes committed by those. In this way, their sentences can determine from the internment in a specific center to the payment of fines through the performance of works to the community.
On the other hand, we find what is known as organized crime. This is the one carried out by a group that is perfectly structured, that has its hierarchies and that conscientiously plans each and every one of the criminal actions that it will carry out.
In 1929 it was when the last term cited was used for the first time and was used to refer to all the actions that the mafia was carrying out. From that moment it began to be used more frequently until it reaches our days where it is used to cite all those crimes that are committed by groups of three or more people with the clear objective of obtaining money, jewelry or even power. Against this type of crime there are entities such as Interpol.
The fight against crime is an important part of the policies of State since its actions violate the rights of citizens. In all parts of the world, but especially in large cities, crime takes thousands of lives a year, which makes this problem one of the main social concerns.