Analogy emanates from Latin analogy although with more remote origin in a Greek word that can be translated as "likeness" or "proportion" . That Greek term was made up of three distinct parts:
• The prefix "ana-", which is equivalent to "over or against".
• The word "logos", which can be translated as "word or reason".
• The suffix “-ia”, which is used to indicate “quality”.
Analogy, therefore, is a term that indicates a relationship from likeness Between different things. The concept allows to refer to the reasoning that is based on the detection of similar attributes in different beings or things .
For example: "I think the public did not understand my analogy between the revolver and the microphone", "The mayor surprised to draw an analogy between the situation in the town and that recorded in the main economic centers of the world", "I didn't like the analogy you made between my career and Gomez's career".
An analogy, therefore, is a comparison between objects, concepts or experiences. When establishing an analogy, particular and general characteristics are indicated and the similarities and differences between the contrasted elements are established.
In the field of biology , the analogy is the similarity between parties that, in different organisms, present a similar function and the same relative position, although with a different origin.
For the linguistics , the analogy consists in the creation of new forms or the modification of the existing ones from the similarity with others. The grammar , on the other hand, appeals to the notion of analogy to refer to the formal similarity that exists between the linguistic elements that fulfill the same function or that have significant coincidences with each other.
Within the scope of language, we would also have to establish that analogy is a literary resource that is used to record a similarity relationship between two objects or concepts. In this way, a clear example of this would be the following: "Failure is to defeat as success is to triumph".
In this sense, we would have to expose, in the same way, that there are what are known as verbal analogies. These are usually a fundamental part, through various exercises, of psychotechnical tests that serve not only to determine the intellectual coefficient of a person but also their aptitude or their linguistic development.
Thus, for example, it is customary for an individual who faces these tests to run into questions in which he must fill in the missing gaps with one of the words given as alternatives. A sample would be this: “architect is a… .as computer is a….”.
He right Finally, he argues that analogy is the method that allows a legal norm to be extended, by reason identity, to cases that are not included in it.
In the same way, we cannot forget that there is a publication that precisely bears in its title the word that now occupies us. We are referring to "Philosophical Analogy." This is a magazine that deals with philosophy as well as its research and dissemination. It was launched in 1987 and is written in Spanish.