The concept known in Spanish as democracy It has its bases in ancient Greek and is formed by combining the words let's give (which translates as "village" ) and Kratos (which can be understood as "power" and "government" ). The notion began to be used in the 5th century BC , in Athens .
At present, it is understood that democracy is a system that allows organize a set of individuals, in which the power does not lie in a single person but is distributed among all the citizens . Therefore, decisions are made according to the majority opinion .
Democracy is also understood as the set of rules that determine the conduct for an orderly coexistence Politically and socially. You could say that it is a lifestyle whose basis is in respect for human dignity, freedom and the rights of each and every member.
In practice, democracy is a mode of government and organizing a State . Through direct or indirect participation mechanisms, the village select your representatives . It is said that democracy constitutes an option of social reach where for the Law all citizens enjoy freedom and have the same rights , and social relations are established according to contractual mechanisms .
Government rankings driven by Plato and Aristotle They still remain in their essence. While the monarchy it is the government that concentrates on a only person , democracy is the government "From the crowd" (Plato ) or "Of the majority" (Aristotle ).
There are several types of democracies. When decisions are taken directly by the people, they talk about direct or pure democracy ; a indirect democracy or representative it refers to the system where decisions are made by those people whom the people recognize as their legitimate representatives, who are elected through a vote by all citizens; and we are facing a participatory democracy when the political model allows citizens to organize themselves to exert direct influence on public decisions.
The most common way in which democracy is exercised today is in representative systems , which can be: presidentialists (with an executive power with a well-defined head, such as the republics with the president, which ministers and secretaries help), parliamentarians (A group of people form the parliament around which government actions revolve. There is a president but he has restricted powers) and systems of collegiate (A combination between parliamentary and presidential systems, where the executive branch is made up of several people chosen by the parliament, who take turns presiding over).
Some important concepts when talking about democracy are the referendum (right of the people to reject or approve the provisions of the legislatures), plebiscite (vote in which the people respond to a proposal made by the government on issues of the state of fundamental interest: change in political form, international issues such as border problems, etc.), popular initiative (The people submit to the government a proposal on bills of law or issues of political or citizen concern), recall or revocation (The people can annul government decisions through the popular vote and have the right to remove certain officials if they do not perform their work well), and sworn (The people integrate the so-called popular juries to collaborate with the judiciary).
Is it possible to build a real democracy?
In order for a real democracy to exist, of any of the types mentioned above, certain laws must be followed: popular sovereignty, freedom and equality . The three words that define this lifestyle represented by a government chosen by the citizens.
Popular sovereignty ensures that all citizens as intelligent and free human beings have rights and can respond obediently before the organs instituted in common agreement with the rest of the citizens. It should be noted that the word sovereign derives from the Latin term which means that which is found above all others.
Freedom in a democratic state is of the type legal and individual . The first refers to the right of the human being to act for himself with total right to decide on his actions, as long as his desire does not go against the laws (which have been accepted by the people unanimously) . For its part, individual freedom refers to the essence of intelligent and free beings that every citizen possesses from the precise moment of his birth.
The equality proposed by democracy ensures that all citizens they must have the same opportunities and the same duties before the law (legal equality).
To close this definition, it should be noted that democracy is not antonym of tyrant regime (dictatorship), as is usually believed, but of aristocracy . The aristocracy is a political and social structure of vertical type, where each citizen receives a quantity of rights and obligations depending on the social status they have. A democracy has a horizontal structure because the people have the power, although at first glance it is governed by a political person.
Unfortunately, democracy continues to be a precious asset. hard to reach . It is difficult to find a democracy that really works, mainly because of the lack of information and disinterest of the people , which conforms to the laws and ends up assigning its rights to the political group of the day, which in its ambition of power and money, leaves aside words as plebiscite or revocation and makes decisions as if leading a monarchy or an aristocratic government . Democracy may not be the ideal form of government, if it conforms to a liberal economic system like the one that governs us, but it could possibly be much more advisable if it existed. in a real way and not simply as a theory that seems never to be put into practice.