In order to know the meaning of the term attachment, it is interesting to discover, in the first place, its etymological origin. In this case, it can be said that it is a word that derives from Latin and is the result of the sum of two distinct parts:
-The prefix “ad-”, which can be translated as “towards”.
-The verb "picare", which is synonymous with "paste" or "join".
The concept of attachment is used to name the affected , the devotion wave esteem that feels or is evidenced towards a person or a thing. This is an idea that has been addressed by the psychology , the philosophy and the religion .
For psychologists, attachment is a emotional bond that extends over time and is intense . The closeness with the other person provides shelter and security : That is why an individual, when he feels threatened or distressed, tends to look for the subject for which he has an attachment.
It is important to mention that, beyond feeling, attachment can be observed through the conduct adopted A child with attachment to his mother She will be with her all the time and look for her hug.
The bond of attachment between a son and his parents, in fact, leads the child to feel anguish when he physically separates from his parents. That is why it is common for me to cry when staying in the care of another person .
The so-called attachment theory is responsible for analyzing the dynamics of these links between Humans . Experts say that, for babies, forging an attachment relationship with their parents or caregivers is essential for their subsequent emotional and social development. Under this precept arose the attachment breeding , a trend that promotes the establishment of a strong bond of attachment between children and their parents so that children develop an independent and secure personality.
We must establish that the first psychologist to talk about attachment as such was John Bowlby, who established two different types of that:
-The secure attachment, which is characterized because parents always maintain expressions and actions of affection, in many occasions as a way to meet the demands of children.
-The insecure attachment. This is the one that takes place when there are deficiencies on the part of the parents in regard to the care of their children. Within this type of attachment you can find three variants: the ambivalent one, in which the child has a bad concept of himself and the good of others; the avoidant, in which the minor trusts in himself but not in the rest; and the disorganized. The latter is characterized by the fact that the child has a bad concept of both himself and others.
Among the main causes that can cause a lack of attachment of the child with children and vice versa are some like these:
-The family separations more or less long.
-Vital experiences that parents live at a specific time.
-The difficult character of adults or the child.
For the buddhists , attachment (known by the Sanskrit term upadana) and desire (trisna) are the causes of suffering : to reach the state of fullness called nirvana , it is necessary not to hold on to anything.