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Political asylum

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The term asylum refers to the help, protection or protection provided to a person. Politician , on the other hand, it is a concept with several uses: in this case we are interested in its meaning as that linked to the political activity (the actions developed to manage or administer public affairs).

He political asylum is the assistance that is given to a foreign individual that had to run away or was expelled from your country for reasons related to politics . This type of asylum is usually understood as the right from a subject not to be extradited from one nation to another who intends to punish him for his opinions or political activities.

On the other hand is the concept of diplomatic asylum , which serves to describe the permanence in an extension of the territory national of a person persecuted by his country to be tried for a political crime. Among the sites that are considered part of this group, according to diplomatic conventions, we have the following: the residence of the ambassador, a warship temporarily anchored in a foreign port, the headquarters of the consulate or the embassy.

The poet and jurist Hugo Grocio, born in the Netherlands on April 10, 1583, one of the greatest defenders of the absolute State, was the author of the extraterritoriality thesis of Embassies and Legations, where he expressed that diplomatic asylum occurred naturally when the persecuted was received by I usually foreigner, which is why protection was not only given if he was able to cross the borders of his country but also if he was isolated in an Embassy or Legation of a foreign country. At present, this type of asylum is not recognized by international law.

The history of asylum is extensive and its trajectory is worthy of being studied carefully to appreciate its evolution. At first, it was a measure within the scope of religion, which was carried out to provide protection to individuals who they broke the law without participating in conflicts of a political nature, that is, common criminals. Since the rulers did not show any kind of piety for these people, asylum was destined for them exclusively, leaving out political criminals.

The Reformation generated an investment in this point of view, and so over the years this social institution began to target people persecuted by the rulers because of their ideals, and ceased to benefit common criminals.

With regard to the space in which political asylum can be offered, it is worth mentioning that religious buildings were used since antiquity and even after the Middle Ages; currently, however, all of the lands of a State foreigner serves to grant political asylum.

He right of asylum is regulated by various international standards that establish obligations and responsibilities for the host countries and for individuals seeking asylum. The purpose of political asylum is to protect the person who, because of his ideas or political actions, suffers persecution in his country. If the host country rejects asylum and the individual must return to their land, they may be imprisoned or otherwise punished.

With regard to the extension of the right to political asylum, we must distinguish the following four points: the right that a country has to grant asylum to an individual persecuted by its government; the active exercise of said right; the tolerance of such exercise; the acceptance of political asylum as a concept that allows a person to be protected against persecution politics.

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