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Semantic Field

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Before entering to establish the meaning of the term semantic field, it is necessary and essential to proceed to know the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Campo is a word that emanates from Latin, specifically, from "campus", which can be translated as "flat terrain."
- Semantic, on the other hand, is a term that derives from Greek. Specifically, it emanates from “semantikos” which is equivalent to “relevant meaning”.

The idea of semantic field It is used in the field of linguistics to name the series of lexical units that share various characteristics in terms of their meanings . In other words, the semantic field is formed by different words whose meanings have a certain relationship since they have some semantic feature in common .

In general, it can be said that words They are composed of minimum units called monemas , which are sequences of phonemes (the minimum articulation of consonant and vocal sounds). Dependent monemas, called morphemes , express a meaning.

East meaning of the morphemes receives the name of semester . The constituent element of the terms, in turn, is called semantic feature or sema .

Returning to the definition of semantic field, it is a lexical network It develops from words that share a sema.

Soccer, basketball, volleyball and handball, for example, are terms that belong to a same semantic field . Everyone shares a sema linked to the sports that are disputed with a ball or ball, while they also have semes that distinguish them from each other (football is played with the feet while the hands are used in the handball; in basketball there are hoops or baskets and in volleyball, a network that divides the pitch).

There are many other examples of the semantic field that can be used to understand it. So if we establish the semantic field of music in it we can include a singer, pianist, composer, guitarist, bassist, keyboardist, saxophonist, conductor, violinist, chorus ...

On the other hand, if we focused on the world of cinema, we could shape a semantic field, for example, about genres. Thus, we would include comedy, horror movies, fantastic, thriller, suspense, adventure, drama, action ...

In addition to all of the above, we must know that, within a semantic field, different relationships between the terms that shape it are being established. Specifically, two types of relationships are usually distinguished primarily:
-Linear, which occurs when an element establishes a relationship with the next and the previous.
-Ramifiers. These can be of two kinds: meronymy, when each of the terms comes to designate the part of another, and hyponymy, which occurs when one of the elements contains in itself the meaning of another.

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