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To know the meaning of the term dermatology it is necessary, first, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Greek, since it is the result of the sum of two components of that language:
-The noun "derma, dermatos", which can be translated as "skin".
-The compositional element "lodge", which is used to indicate "treated" or "study"

The dermatology is the specialty of medicine focused on diseases and the functions of skin (the most extensive organ of the human body). The dermatology specialist is known as dermatologist .

A dermatology expert is able to study the structure of the skin, analyze its functioning and prevent, diagnose and treat the disorders that may occur in it. It should be noted that the inconveniences of the skin can be generated directly in this tegument or be a consequence of some type of internal suffering.

To all of the above, it should be added that dermatology, as we understand it today, originated about 110 years ago. And it began to establish itself as a medical specialty in Europe in the late nineteenth century.

Hence, at that time three important schools focused on that science and the study of the skin began to emerge. We are referring to that of the General Hospital of Vienna, that of the San Luis Hospital in Paris and that of London.

However, we cannot ignore that there are different documents that come to record that the first dermatological diseases were already collected and studied in Classical Greece. Moreover, there are documents from Ancient Rome where it is clear that he was already becoming aware of skin-related pathologies such as scabies, shingles, ringworm or leprosy, among many others.

Although training varies by country, usually a dermatologist is a graduate in Medicine who later specialized in dermatology. This allows the professional to have knowledge of endocrinology, neurology and other issues that are necessary to know the skin in depth.

It is called cosmetic dermatology , on the other hand, to the specialty of dermatology focused on the esthetic . In this case, the purpose is to treat imperfections that affect the skin (scars, changes in colour , etc.).

The different types of dermatitis , the leprosy , he acne , the urticaria , he melanoma and the vitiligo They are some of the diseases and disorders that cause inconvenience in the skin and that can be diagnosed, prevented and / or treated by dermatology.

It is important to mention the elementary lesions that are recorded on the skin can be divided into primary lesions and secondary lesions. Between the primary injuries the cysts , the abscesses , the blisters , the hives , the pustules and the vesicles . As for the secondary injuries , we can name the ulcers , the bedsores and the scabs .

Likewise, we cannot forget about dermatological surgery, which is the part of Dermatology that is responsible for using different surgical techniques to solve skin problems.

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