It is known as consent to the act and result of consent (that is, approve the concretion of something, condescend, be certain, grant, allow, etc.). The idea of consent, according to the meaning of the term, implies admit, tolerate or endure a certain condition . For example: "I will go to Justice since the operation was completed without my consent", "Juan is waiting for the owner's consent to sell the shares", "You can marry him, daughter, you have my consent.".
In this sense, we can use as an example a film that saw the light in the decade of the 90s and which is entitled "Without your consent." An American drama that revolves around the situation so tragic that a woman suffers. And it is that she is a victim of a violation by someone in her environment, which will lead her to denounce it but also to feel further outraged before the justice when she has to prove that at no time that intimate relationship was consented by her.
In the field of literature we also find works that, in one way or another, revolve around the term we are addressing. Thus, for example, is the book entitled "With the consent of the body: diary of a future mother."
In 2004, it was when the narrative that was made by the authors Therese Bertherat, Marie Bertherat and Paule Brung came to light. What is sought with her is that the women who are in a state of good hope learn a series of exercises and movements to prepare their body for childbirth and thus facilitate the birth of their future baby.
For the scope of right , consent is understood as the manifest will (either tacit or express) of a minimum of two individuals to accept and recognize obligations and rights of various kinds. Regarding a contract, consent is the conformity that the parties involved express in relation to its contents.
Of course, for the consent to be valid from a legal point of view, certain requirements must be met. The subject, as a first point, must have the capacity to act (for this reason, in many cases minors and mentally disabled persons cannot give consent).
The consent, on the other hand, is not valid when it is obtained through the use of the force or intimidation, or when a serious error is detected in the assessment of the facts.
He civil law it requires consents both to formalize contracts and to contract different obligations or rights (such as marriage ). In the field of criminal law , the consent is usually considered as a mitigating before the responsibility that derives from a punishable action (the defendant alleges that the action in question was carried out with the consent of the plaintiff).
He informed consent Finally, it is a procedure of medicine whereby the patient expresses that he freely submits to a treatment or study and that he understands the risks and benefits that it implies.
This type of consent is especially evident and necessary when healthcare professionals have to carry out interventions that pose a serious danger to the patient. However, there are situations in which it is obvious as is the case that the patient in question can endanger public health and need to be hospitalized and quarantined.