In order to know the meaning of the term evaluation criteria it is necessary, first, to discover the etymological origin of the two main words that shape it:
-Criteria, first, derives from the Greek. Specifically, it emanates from “kriterion”, which can be translated as “norm that is established to know the truth” and that is the result of the sum of two components: the verb “krinein”, which is synonymous with “deciding”, and the suffix "-io", which is used to indicate "result".
-Evaluation, secondly, has its origin in Latin. It means "setting the price of something" and is the result of the sum of several components: the prefix "ex", which means "outside"; the verb "valere", which can be translated as "being strong"; and the suffix "-cion", which indicates "action and effect".
A criterion It is a guideline, a norm or a judgment. A evaluation , on the other hand, is an exam or a qualification process (which consists of assigning a value according to the qualities).
The idea of evaluation criteria it is used in the field of education to name the framework taken by teachers when assessing the academic performance of his students. These criteria allude to the knowledge that students should acquire and what they have to learn to do with such knowledge.
The evaluation criteria, therefore, focus on the theory Yet the practice . Each student must demonstrate in the evaluations that he has understood the contents and is in a position to apply them. The mastery of these two dimensions implies the acquisition of skills by the individual.
Take the case of the subject Language . The evaluation criteria used by teachers in a given course suggest that students demonstrate their ability to understand a text, summarize it and describe it in their own words. Thus, at the time of taking an exam, teachers offer a journalistic note of fifty lines to the children and ask them to summarize it in ten lines. They also indicate that they must describe the same event narrated by the journalist, but in other words. Once the students deliver the exams, the teachers will apply the evaluation criteria to determine, according to the evidence, if each child made the necessary merits to pass or not.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore another series of relevant aspects of the evaluation criteria:
-When setting them, the competencies to be developed must be taken into account.
-It is essential that they revolve around the most relevant learnings, which are considered to be essential for the student to advance in the subject matter.
-Also it is necessary that they concentrate on dimensions, which are the aspects that shape the object of evaluation, the subdimensions, which become different parts of the dimensions, and the attributes. These are the items that shape the different subdimensions.