Diaspora is a term that has its etymological origin in Greek, since it is the result of the sum of two components of that language:
-The prefix "dia-", which can be translated as "through"
-The noun "spora", which is synonymous with "seed" or "sowing."
It is known as diaspora to the disintegration or exodus of members of a community who must leave their homeland .
The original meaning of the term was linked to the dispersion of the Jews outside of Israel . However, the notion can refer to what happens with any religious or ethnic group whose members were forced to leave their source site and that is why they are distributed by different countries .
The Jewish diaspora It developed in different historical stages. The first exile took place in 586 BC: at that time, the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II managed to conquer the Kingdom of Judah and led the Jewish leaders to Babylon . Then there were other diasporas until in 1948 the State of Israel ; since then, all Jews have the possibility of returning to their land .
In the same way, within universal history we cannot ignore what is known as Sephardic diaspora. Under this term reference is made to the moment in which the Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492 by order of the Catholic Monarchs. The fact that at that time the Iberian Peninsula was considered the Biblical Sephardic by some Jews made them known by the name of Sephardim.
At that time, most of the Jews who were cited by the aforementioned monarchs went to the neighboring country of Portugal as well as to the kingdom of Navarra, North Africa and even certain states of Italy. However, both Portugal and Navarre ended up being expelled shortly thereafter and many of them chose the Netherlands as their destination.
The decision taken by the kings Isabel and Fernando had its origin in an initiative of the Inquisition, at the head of which was the inquisitor Tomás de Torquemada. The document that established that expulsion was made public in April 1492 and was drafted by it.
The Cuban diaspora , on the other hand, began to develop in 1959 with the triumph of the Revolution . Thousands of Cubans, dissatisfied with the communist regime, decided to emigrate and settled in different nations.
Nowadays we usually talk about the Venezuelan diaspora to refer to those who made the decision to leave their homeland for policies of Chavismo This resulted in a growing Venezuelan immigration in countries like U.S , Spain , Argentina and Colombia .
The African diaspora , the chinese diaspora , the turkish diaspora and the Basque diaspora they are other migratory movements that led to the dispersion of communities .