Homicide It is a term that comes from Latin homicidium and that refers to the death of a human being caused by another person . The term, therefore, can be used as a synonym for murder or crime .
For example: "Investigators believe the murder was committed by a left-handed person", "The murder of the child shocked the people, who still can not get out of his amazement at the brutality of the crime", "Ramírez was sentenced to twenty years in prison after being convicted of the murder of his former partner".
A more extensive analysis of the etymological origin of the concept reveals that the Latin word homicidium derives from the combination of a Greek term that can be translated as "similar" and of will fall ("kill" ). Homicide, therefore, is kill a fellow (that is, to another person).
Homicide is an action condemned by the society which is contrary to the legal. Therefore, who is found guilty of having committed a homicide is convicted according to the provisions of the law. The penalties vary according to the classification of the homicide, since certain homicides are considered to be more serious than others (when the victim is familiar or has a link with the murderer, etc.).
There are cases, however, in which the murderer is imputable (You cannot be charged with criminal responsibility for your actions). This occurs when the attacker suffers psychic disturbances or is a minor, among other causes. In such cases, the murderer receives some type of treatment as a way of trying to modify their behavior.
Most famous homicide cases in history
After Theodore Roosevelt, John Kennedy was the youngest president of the United States, and began his term in 1961. On November 22, 1963, he was the target of a homicide that would pass to the history. After arriving on a short flight to the city of Dallas, the presidential entourage began to head downtown, on a trip with more than one scheduled stop so that the president could greet his people.
At about 12:30 p.m., in the middle of the ride, the limo was passing in front of the Texas School Book Store building when the first of three shots allegedly scheduled by the killers occurred, one of which hurt of death to John Kennedy, and produced an indelible shock in the American people.
One of the most recognized singer-songwriters of his time worldwide, mainly for being one of the members and founders of the Beatles group, John Lennon starred in a homicide that put tens of millions of people in mourning. On December 8, 1980, at around 10:50 p.m., Mark David Chapman lethally wounded the English musician with five shots in the back while he was entering his apartment in New York City. Interestingly, hours before, the murderer had received an autograph from his hand victim.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King was responsible for an important struggle in favor of rights African American civilians. In addition to his work as pastor of the Baptist church, he was an activist in countless protests against poverty and, more precisely, the Vietnam War.
In March 1968, he traveled to the state of Tennessee to support African-American dumps, who requested the same working conditions from their white colleagues. A few days after his arrival, on April 4, Martin Luther King received a shot in the throat That took his life.