Originating in the Latin word nomen, the concept of first name it constitutes a notion that is destined to the identification of beings that can be animated or inanimate . It is a verbal denomination that is attributed to a individual , an animal, an object or any other entity, whether concrete or abstract, with the purpose of individualizing it and recognizing it in front of others.
From the perspective of the grammar , the names are framed in the group of nouns . It is possible, in turn, to classify them as nouns (those who identify a specific and specific individual. For example: "Juan", "Mary", "Richard") or common nouns (which point to a set or class as it happens in the cases of "car", "dog", "home").
The scientific names On the other hand, they are used to give an orderly denomination to what is discovered by specialists. That is why they require a precise taxonomy that offers a nomenclature.
In the case of human beings, names are assimilated in the early stages of learning language . What is first designated with gestures (by pointing out something), becomes a concept by learning the corresponding word. That is why names are key in the cognitive process.
A child learns his own name (that word by which others call him) before the notion of I. When designated by a proper name, it is common for the child who begins to speak to recognize himself through the repetition of his name (that is, to refer to himself in the third person).
With regard to proper names we have to underline that there is a discipline, close to History, which is called Onomastics and whose main function is to study not only the etymological origin but also the historical context of those.
There are also other important areas that take names as the central axis. This would be the case, for example, of the one known as Toponymy. Where appropriate, it is responsible for carrying out the study of the names of cities, regions or regions of the various countries of the world.
And in this sense we cannot forget Anthroponymy either. More exactly we can establish that this is what he does is to study and analyze their own names and also their last names. It is important to underline the fact that when these are characterized by their lineage and by their "nobility" they will be subject to the field of Heraldry. A science is also dedicated to what are the shields, weapons, blazons or armories.
In this field of Anthroponymy we can underline that basically when it refers to the Spanish sphere, it meets the fact that the names and surnames that will be in charge of analyzing in depth have four possible origins:
Roman. This would be the case of names like Antonio or Julio.
Hebrew and Aramaic. Among the examples emanating from these languages are Moses, Jesus, Mary or Thomas.
Germanic. Fernando, Gonzalo, Elvira, Alfonso or Álvaro are names that emanate from combinations of different languages of this origin.
The proper names are applied to people, but also to animals and even objects with special significance. Pets, in this sense, always receive their own name ("Bobby", "Tom", "Pancho").