A gendarme is a member of a police force existing in several countries, whose job is to ensure the security and the order . The body of gendarmes is called gendarmerie .
The powers and functions of gendarmes depend on each nation . In Argentina , the National Gendarmerie It is a police force but of a military nature: that is why it is considered an intermediate force. It was created in 1938 to provide security to the inhabitants of remote areas and to secure borders.
There are currently more than 80,000 Argentine gendarmes dedicated to take care of strategic sites . These gendarmes provide services in the areas of internal security and national defense. They also participate in missions of peace and foreign policy security.
The Chilean Gendarmerie , meanwhile, it is a penitentiary institution. It is responsible for the security of prisons, working for the fulfillment of sentences and the social reintegration of detainees. Chilean gendarmes, therefore, take care of prisons and also buildings belonging to Power of attorney .
In Mexico , the National Gendarmerie is a force created in 2014 from the division of the Federal police . It has about 10,000 gendarmes who fight organized crime and seek to guarantee public safety.
The French gendarmes, meanwhile, carry out police missions in peri-urban areas and rural areas. Among its functions are the provision of emergency assistance, the search for those who violated criminal law and the application of law .
In other countries, there are forces that act as military police but they don't receive the first name of gendarmerie, like the Spanish Civil Guard and the National Guard of Venezuela .