The notion of emigration , from the Latin word emigratio, alludes to act and consequence of emigrating : move away from the place of origin or residence to settle in a different one. The Humans they usually emigrate to different parts of their own country or abroad to improve their living conditions; certain animals, to adapt to the needs of reproduction or feeding.
The term emigration also refers to set of individuals who migrate from a site . It should be noted that the emigrant of a country he becomes an immigrant when he arrives at his new land: in the phenomenon of migration therefore a person first is emigrant (upon leaving his country) and then immigrant (when installed in another).
Emigration is carried out for multiple reasons. One of the most common is the economy . When someone fails to meet their material needs in their own country, they can make the decision to emigrate to another that offers them, at least in theory, greater opportunities for progress. Many Latin Americans, in this context, emigrate to U.S , Europe or Australia .
We must point out that economic ambitions are far from being the most important reason why some people decide to leave their country. In many cases, it is the lack of opportunities at the level vocational in their own land what drives them to take this step as difficult as it is enriching. Artists and scientists born in the wrong place, for example, that is, in a country where the government does not give them the necessary support to develop, often become emigrants to find the respect they deserve.
On the other hand, emigration causes a division between people who dare to take this step and those who fear the uprooting and choose to stay in a country that forces them to suffer needs. Fear is our worst enemy, and in these cases its consequences can be seen very clearly: a country with a high unemployment rate, which does not care about the maintenance of public roads and that subjects its inhabitants to a degree of Considerable insecurity cannot be called "home," but there are those who prefer that to endless new experiences and opportunities.
This fear is not unfounded: cross the border It is not easy, since it brings about a series of changes that can mark the person in an irreversible way and demand efforts that until then would have been considered impossible. The learning of a new language or the adaptation to new terms and uses, the cultural differences that are appreciated in the day to day, the products that are no longer and the new ones, the television, the cinema, the radio and the friendships are some of the aspects that emigration violently turns to the ground and forces us to review to keep us standing.
In other cases, emigration obeys the objective of preserve life , threatened by wars, environmental catastrophes or social or political persecutions. Today, millions of Syrians are forced to leave their land for the civil war and seek refuge in other nations
It is important to mention that emigration can develop in a way legal (when the traveler meets all the requirements required by the state for the entry and exit of citizens) or irregular (If the person crosses a border through places not authorized and without complying with formal procedures). Depending on the country, illegal emigration can lead to the prohibition of re-entry, something that nobody wants to face, especially if it is a desperate search for new opportunities.