Voodoo is the name that receives a religion which has its origins in Africa and that was developed from the contact with the Christianity of the slaves who were transferred to Europe already America . These people began to combine their beliefs with other elements and thus the particularities of voodoo were forged.
By its set of rituals and beliefs, voodoo is defined as animistic (confers soul to objects) and theistic (has deities). His growers believe in him trance as a vehicle to communicate with these divinities and in sacrifices as offerings.
It is important to keep in mind that, due to syncretism , the movement that seeks to reconcile different doctrines, there are numerous variants of voodoo and derived religions have even developed, such as umbanda and the santeria . In a broad sense, it can be said that voodoo sustains the existence of an entity that governs the supernatural universe, but is not accessible to the human being. In this way, men communicate with this universe through other entities that are known as loas . In other words, loas are intermediaries between people and the main supernatural entity.
Each loa is summoned and praised in a different way with rituals, dances and other practices. Voodoo also contemplates the participation of priests (houngan ) that they have the ability to contact the loas so that these spirits Talk through them.
When he houngan use your power to perform evil, it is called bokor . There are those who believe that bokor can do black magic appealing to toys to harm people or turning the dead into zombies .
On the other hand, there is the so-called New Orleans voodoo , which is also known by the name of hoodoo or conjure, and it is a type of magic that uses the African-American portion of the population of that region of the United States. It was formed from syncretism, and therefore combines practices of tradition from various religions, such as the traditional ones of Africa and Europe, some concepts and practices of European magic books called grimoires, and practices of certain American tribes.
Certain aspects of voodoo are very controversial , and this makes it an irresistible source of content for screenwriters and storytellers from around the world, especially for genres such as terror and suspense. However, as usually happens when a belief or discipline is brought to fiction, many of the stories that revolve around voodoo are plagued with mistakes in what it does to the bases and the practices of this religion, something that has not benefited it at all.
First, the term voodoo is often used out of context and without sufficient knowledge of religion simply to refer to issues such as Satanism, dolls and zombies .
If we focus on this last point, for example, it is important to point out that the power to bring a person from death, that is, to revive them through witchcraft practices is not a phenomenon major within the voodoo culture nor is it part of religion, although there is evidence of this type of magic by its practitioners. In fact, it is believed that creating a zombie depends more on a sorcerer or a bokor That of a priest.
The toys and needles, the most widespread image of voodoo, seems to have emerged in the magical folklore of Europe, although its exact origin is unknown, and then to have reached hoodoo, so it is not an exclusive or representative practice of voodoo.