From Latin texture, the texture is the arrangement and order of threads in a cloth . In the textile sector, the term is also used to name the knitting operation and the surface of a garment.
In general, the texture is linked to the outer surface of a body . It is a property that is captured through the sense of touch . Softness, roughness and roughness are sensations that the texture conveys. For example: "I love the texture of this shirt: it is very soft", “The irregular texture of the desk damaged my strokes”, "These creams help soften the texture of my skin", “The blind can read thanks to the texture of the leaves written in Braille”.
It is also not necessary to ignore the existence of soil texture. Based on it, a classification of land is established, such as clay, fine sand, gravel, medium silt, stones, fine silt or coarse sand, among others.
In the field of painting , the texture refers to the grouping of shapes and colors that allow perceiving irregularities on a continuous or flat surface. The texture, therefore, brings realism to the works.
In this artistic field we have to make clear, therefore, that texture emerges as a way to make the work much more real. It is the key to representing certain aspects of life. All this is achieved through elements such as the thickness of the lines, colors, relief, shapes ...
But not only that. Also throughout history they have resorted to another series of techniques and elements to achieve the texture, the reality, which is desired in a painting. In this case we could emphasize from the use of paper and cardboard to introducing wood through mixing sand and oil.
For the music , texture is the way in which the voices (whether vocal or instrumental melodic lines) that intervene in a musical piece are related. The monodia (when there is only one melodic line), the homophony (the melodic voices move with the same rhythmic values but in different notes) and the heterophony (ornamental variations of the same melodic line) are some of the musical textures.
However, we cannot overlook the existence of other types of texture as would be the case with polyphony. This takes place when, simultaneously, different melodic voices sound that are independent, different and that are identified by having different rhythms.
All this without forgetting the accompanied melody. It is clearly identifiable because it has a melodic line that acts as a principal and is accompanied by musical instruments and voices that have the function of secondary. That secondary character leads them to play melodies that are also.
In the computing Finally, a texture is a bitmap which is used to cover the surface of a virtual object with a special graphics program.