System symbols that allows to represent a concept, a belief or an event is known symbolism . East system works based on the association of ideas that promote the symbols and networks of these that are emerging.
For example: "The Masonic lodge is characterized by its strong symbolisms", "I don't understand the symbolism of this author's books", "Tomorrow I will attend the conference of a Japanese who specializes in the symbolism of dragons".
The symbolism, on the other hand, is a art school that arose in France in the late nineteenth century and characterized by evoking or suggesting objects instead of naming them directly.
The emergence of symbolism is related to the opposition to naturalism through a commitment to fantasy . The artists enrolled in this new movement tried to recover the ideas of romanticism , which were losing relevance to the progress of the industrial Revolution . The symbolism, therefore, appears linked to the spiritual.
The symbolists set out to decipher the mysteries of the world from the search for correspondences between sensitive objects. Charles Baudelaire , Arthur Rimbaud and Paul Verlaine were some of the precursors of the movement, which extended from the literature to the painting , the sculpture and the theater .
In the field of painting, we would have to establish that the symbolism had important figures that became not only referents within it but also for later generations. Specifically, among the most important we would highlight the following:
• Gustave Moreau. This French artist is considered as the forerunner of that movement at a pictorial level and his works are characterized by being carried out by biblical characters as well as by incorporating decadent environments.
• Odilon Redon. In Bordeaux it was, on the other hand, where this artist was born who has gone down in history for having carried out the realization of tragic works marked by the dream as well as by fantasy.
• Puvis de Chavannes. This painter was another of the most significant members framed within this artistic trend. In his case, he differs from the previous ones by the fact that his works are more calm and balanced although, as it could not be otherwise, clearly marked by symbolic figures and ideas.
Within the literary field, and more specifically in the theater genre, certain authors took relevance, but none of them reached the figure of Auguste Villiers de L'Isle Adam. Of French origin is also this writer who stood out for the fact that his dramaturgy works were characterized by an extremely lyrical character but also for being violent and very deep.
Good examples of this are works such as "Le Prétendant", "Le Nouveau Monde", "La Révolte" or "Axël", which for many was the most perfect example of what symbolism was.
It should be noted that the symbolism was not limited to France , but it was expanding without recognizing geographical boundaries and gaining adherents in all parts of the world. That's how he crossed the ocean and even came to Latin America .