Survival , from Latin survivors ("That survives" ), is the action and effect of surviving . This term, meanwhile, refers to living after a certain event, living after the death of other person or live in adverse conditions and without means.
For example: “Having been in the forest for three days was a true test of survival”, “In war, you need the support of your partners to achieve survival”, "I think that if I get lost in the mountains, my survival would not pass a few hours".
He survivor or survivor It is the person who manages to maintain life in extreme situations that could cause death. The usual thing is to talk about survivors when there is a accident serious. If a plane with 80 passengers falls and 75 people die, it will be said that the individuals who managed to get out alive are survivors.
The Survival techniques are those knowledge that allow a person to stay alive if they are isolated in the middle of the nature . These techniques allow the subject to feed, protect themselves from the weather and heal their minor injuries.
The military and explorers are the people who are usually instructed in survival techniques. Many times they undertake their journeys or expeditions equipped with what is called as survival kit , which includes a series of essential articles and tools to successfully cross a period of time away from the comfort to which we have accustomed the city.
While not all survival kits are the same, it is correct to say that the needs of any person who moves away from civilization they are practically the same; for that reason, a combination of utensils that cover the following points is usually sought:
* fire production: It is clear that spending a night in the middle of nature is infinitely healthier than sleeping between cars, cement impregnated with smog and buildings that impede the natural flow of air. However, in times of low temperatures we need warm clothes and fire to protect us from the cold, since we have lost the body hair that protected our ancestors. To be able to produce a fire, the most experts have enough branches and stones, but it never hurts to have a lighter, matches, a Fresnel magnifying glass (short focal length and large aperture), tea and cotton candles;
* construction and repair: when we don't have our favorite home goods store, or our trusted hardware store, and, even more, when we don't even have a roof to shelter from the rain, the creativity and crafts become our best allies. But to obtain the best possible results it is convenient to have certain tools and elements that are easy to obtain, such as a knife, a saw, rubber bands, tweezers, flanges, multipurpose bags (also known as "ziploc" and "ziplock"), a few meters of flexible wire and a nail clipper;
* illumination: This point may not seem fundamental, since it is partly covered by the production of fire, but in case of an emergency during the night, such as a strong storm, it is not possible to trust the fire. For this it becomes essential to have a pair of flashlights of varied range and intensity. The usual thing is to take an ecological one to dynamo, since it is recharged with a mechanical action, and a battery operated one, which usually offer a much higher power.
Survival has also become a television entertainment through programs such as "Survivor" ("Survivors" ), which exposes its participants to adverse situations to overcome different tests.