The concept of Taylorism comes from the postulates of the American Frederick Winslow Taylor, an economist and engineer born in 1856 and died in 1915. Taylor devised a method to organize the work activity that is based on the specialization of the workers, the control of the time allocated to each activity and the division of tasks.
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The Latin word variatio arrived in Spanish as a variation. This is the name of the act and the result of varying: change, alter. The concept has multiple uses according to the context. In the field of genetics, the variation refers to the changes that occur in the genes of a species or a population.
Valuation is the process and the result of valuing: appreciate or recognize the value of something or someone. The verb valuing can also refer to indicating the price of a good or a service. Asset valuation, for example, is the procedure that is carried out to estimate the value of a company, an action, a patent, etc.
Knowing the etymological origin of the term dagger is not easy. And, although it is known that it derives from the French "dague", it is not known where that Gallic word comes from. Thus, there are theories that state that it emanates from the Latin word “daca”, which can be translated as “Dacia's knife”, and there are also those who believe that, in reality, it derives from the Persian “teg”, which is synonymous with “sword” .
Ludology is a discipline dedicated to research, creation and experimentation of the game as a phenomenon of culture. In his work he appeals to various sciences and areas of knowledge to generate knowledge. It can be said that, in a broad sense, ludology is the study of the game.
The term dation derives from datio, a Latin word. The concept is used in the field of law to refer to the act and the consequence of giving: deliver, grant, donate. The notion of payment dation, in this sense, refers to transmitting ownership of something to a creditor in order to compensate a debt.
It should be stated that the term Damascus has its etymological origin in the Greek, exactly in "Damaskos", which later derived Latin as "Damascus". Also, we must expose that it was used to give name to the city of Damascus, the capital of Syria, which is one of the oldest cities in the world.
The naturalist, chemist and mathematician of English origin John Dalton (1766 - 1844) was one of the main responsible for the study of achromatopsia, a disease of a genetic nature and congenital profile that, according to experts, is not progressive. It is an anomaly that affects the eyesight.
The Greek word problēmatikós arrived in late Latin as problematĭcus, which in turn arrived in our language as problematic. As an adjective, the term refers to what generates problems or causes inconvenience. For example: "The relationship I had with Mirta was quite problematic since its inception", "Jacinto is a troubled young man, he is always fighting with his teammates", "The truth is that I had a problematic experience with this company."
A person's confidence in themselves to overcome adversities and challenges is called self-efficacy. The concept refers to believing in one's own abilities to face different situations and achieve goals. Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura is singled out as the creator of the idea of self-efficacy.
The condition of applicable is called applicability. The applicable, meanwhile, is what should or can be applied (put on, put on, used). Take the case of industrial applicability. For an invention to be patented, it must be applicable: that is, have applicability. On the other hand, it has to be novel (since nobody had done it before) and possess inventive activity (it is not evident).
Eudemonism is a philosophical vision that justifies everything that allows happiness. In this way, moral norms are oriented to the development of a state of harmony and fullness. The Greek philosopher Aristotle is considered one of the most important eudemonists. This thinker argued that it was necessary to have good behavior to achieve the good life: people, in this framework, should acquire knowledge to put the virtues into practice and then adopt a habit of behavior in tune with those virtues.
Dactiloscopia, term that also can be accentuated in the second I (dactiloscopia), is the discipline dedicated to the analysis of the fingerprints. Its techniques allow to identify individuals. According to experts, fingerprint is among the most reliable procedures for the identification of a human being.
Herpetology is the specialization of zoology focused on the study of reptiles. In the etymology of the term we find the Greek word herpetón, which can be translated precisely as “reptile”. Reptiles, meanwhile, are animals that, when moving, brush the surface with their belly.
Before entering fully into the meaning of the term fingerprint, let's know its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word composed of the sum of two distinct components: -The Greek noun "dactyl", which can be translated as "finger". -The verb "pingere" which is Latin and means "to paint."
The notion of dice has several uses. The term can refer to the polyhedral object, usually cubic, whose faces exhibit the representation of figures or numbers. These elements are used in numerous games of chance. For example: "Throw the dice at once!", "To start playing, we first have to find the dice", "On vacation I lost a lot of money playing the generala with my friends: the dice were not on my side "
The French inventor, physicist and painter Louis Daguerre (1787-1851) unveiled in 1839 a device that allowed to register images through a chemical procedure. This device was known as a daguerreotype. The term is used to name both the machine and the image obtained with it.
The notion of typing is used as a synonym for typing. Both terms refer to the technique that is developed when using the keyboard of a typewriter. It is possible to distinguish between handwriting and typewriting. In the first case, the person must make the strokes of the characters manually, using a pencil, a pen or a similar item.
The notion of damsel comes from dameisele, an old French word that can be translated as "miss." The concept has several meanings according to the context. In some cases, a young lady is told damsel, especially if she intends to become a refined lady and wants to be treated as such.
The etymological path of gift begins in Latin debĭta, which translates as "debts." From that word came dativum ("donation"), which resulted in dative. A gift, as indicated by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) in its dictionary, is something that is delivered free of charge.
Dadaism is an artistic and literary movement that emerged during World War I as a form of protest against the dominant aesthetic canons. The term has its origin in the French Dadame. Art historians named Tristan Tzara as the first driver of this movement who mocked the artistic manifestations and intended to destroy the conventions of the established order.